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March 20, 2007
ACADIA Has Positive Results From ACP-103 Phase II Schizophrenia Co-Therapy Trial
Read more... Schizophrenia Medications in Development
ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Inc. announced (in a marketing/press release) that it had gotten positive results from a new drug they are temporarily identifying as "ACP-103" that has just completed a Phase II schizophrenia co-therapy trial. The trial evaluated ACP-103 co-therapy when used together with either risperidone, a commonly prescribed atypical antipsychotic drug, or haloperidol, a generic typical antipsychotic drug.
The co-therapy arms with ACP-103 demonstrated statistically significant antipsychotic efficacy as measured by the reduction in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the primary endpoint of the trial. In addition, the co-therapy arm combining ACP-103 with low-dose risperidone demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in antipsychotic efficacy as compared to low-dose risperidone plus placebo, and comparable efficacy to high-dose risperidone plus placebo. Co-therapy with ACP-103 also led to a faster onset of antipsychotic action and an improved side effect profile.
"These data clearly demonstrate the advantages of co-therapy with ACP-103 and show the importance of 5-HT2A receptor antagonism in schizophrenia therapy," said Herbert Y. Meltzer, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry and Pharmacology and Director of the Psychosis Program at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. "Current antipsychotic agents used to treat schizophrenia and related neuropsychiatric disorders have many dose-related limitations. The use of ACP-103 in co-therapy with risperidone or other modern atypical antipsychotics may result in enhanced efficacy and an improved side effect profile, suggesting a formula for a new and improved treatment paradigm for patients with schizophrenia."
The Phase II clinical trial was a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, six-week study designed to evaluate the ability of ACP-103, when used together with either risperidone or haloperidol, to provide an improved therapy for patients with schizophrenia. The trial enrolled 423 patients across sites in both the United States and Brazil. Patients were randomly assigned to one of five study arms: ACP-103 plus low-dose risperidone (ACP-103/risperidone); low-dose risperidone plus placebo (risperidone LD); high-dose risperidone plus placebo (risperidone HD); ACP-103 plus haloperidol (ACP-103/haloperidol); or haloperidol plus placebo (haloperidol arm). The primary endpoint of the study was antipsychotic efficacy as measured after day 42 compared to baseline in each of the two ACP-103 co-therapy arms using the PANSS.
The ACP-103/risperidone co-therapy arm showed a 23.0 point (27.4%) improvement in the PANSS as measured after day 42 compared to baseline (p less than 0.0001), a primary endpoint in the study. In addition to meeting the primary endpoint, the ACP-103/risperidone arm demonstrated a statistically significant enhancement of antipsychotic efficacy as compared to the risperidone LD arm (p=0.01), and similar efficacy to the risperidone HD arm (p=NS). The significant efficacy enhancement over risperidone LD was observed for both positive and negative symptoms.
Study Arms Baseline Mean Percentage
Co-therapy with ACP-103 also provided a significantly faster onset of antipsychotic action. After only two weeks of therapy, about 50% more patients in the ACP-103/risperidone arm responded to treatment compared to each of the risperidone LD (p less than 0.008) and risperidone HD (p less than 0.03) arms. A responder was defined as a patient showing at least a 20% reduction in the PANSS.
Importantly, patients in the ACP-103/risperidone co-therapy arm also had 50% less gain in weight than patients in the risperidone HD arm. This difference trended to statistical significance (p=0.078).
The study also evaluated ACP-103 as a co-therapy with haloperidol. The ACP-103/haloperidol arm showed a 21.6 point (25.6%) improvement in the PANSS as measured after day 42 compared to baseline (p less than 0.0001), a primary endpoint in the study. The haloperidol arm showed a robust antipsychotic effect and there was no statistical difference compared to the ACP-103/haloperidol arm after day 42. However, the ACP-103/haloperidol arm did appear to result in a faster onset of antipsychotic action after only two weeks of treatment as compared to the haloperidol arm. In addition, patients in the ACP-103/haloperidol co-therapy arm had less gain in weight compared to patients in the haloperidol arm.
Study Arms Baseline Mean Percentage
Each of the treatments was generally safe and well tolerated. Adverse events were comparable among the five study arms and were generally characterized as mild to moderate. The most common adverse events were sedation, headache, and agitation. There were three serious adverse events (SAEs) in the study that were deemed to be drug-related, each of which occurred in a risperidone plus placebo arm. Two of these SAEs were cardiovascular in nature and occurred in the risperidone HD arm. No drug-related SAEs were observed in either of the ACP-103 co-therapy arms.
"We are very excited about these top-line results, which demonstrate several key advantages of co-therapy with ACP-103," said Uli Hacksell, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer of ACADIA. "While achieving effective antipsychotic treatment comparable to a standard dose of risperidone, ACP-103 when added to a three-fold lower dose of risperidone provided substantial advantages, including a faster onset of antipsychotic action and 50% less weight gain. We believe that co-therapy with ACP-103 may provide important clinical advantages compared to current antipsychotic drug therapy."
ACP-103 is a small molecule drug candidate that ACADIA discovered and is developing as a co-therapy to be used together with other antipsychotic drugs to treat schizophrenia. ACP-103 can be taken orally and is a novel, potent, and selective 5-HT2A inverse agonist, meaning that it blocks the activity of the 5-HT2A receptor. By adding ACP-103 to existing treatment regimens, ACADIA believes that the optimal combination of 5-HT2A inverse agonism and dopamine receptor blockade can be achieved, thereby resulting in enhanced efficacy and fewer side effects relative to existing treatments. ACADIA also is developing ACP-103 for the treatment of Parkinson's disease psychosis and sleep maintenance insomnia.
Additional Information: Acadia Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Thanks to rcourtade for notifying us of this announcement.
Posted by szadmin at March 20, 2007 10:13 AM
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